When the ball is by the wing, the whole of the defence should be on this side of the court to outnumber the attack and be in position to intercept the ball.
Man-to-man defense - Wikipedia
This is known as the strong side. The side away from the ball where the defence has less presence is known as the weak side. The dominance of the defence on the strong side converts into a vulnerability on the weak side as there is more space for the attack. For this reason the defence must try to prevent the ball going to the weak side quickly before they has chance to reorganise and regroup around the ball.
If the ball goes to the other side but backwards that is fine as the attack has gone backwards towards their own goal.
Now that the basic structure of the defence has been covered we can look at when and how exchanges of individual marking responsibilities are carried out. The key benefit of making exchanges is to maintain the defensive height and pressure on passing lines. It can also result in less running though this is more a side effect of the defence then an objective though I have had several teammates who try to make exchanges with only this consideration in mind!
The key to exchanges is the pressure on the ball and the opposite winger tucking in to create the defensive triangle.
There are generally two situations where exchanges of individual marking responsibilities for attackers without the ball can be made. They should follow their direct opponent by moving backwards without turning their body so they can maintain their visual field for the first few meters. The 2nd situation where exchanges are made requires there to be good pressure on the ball. Then an automatic exchange can be made and the defender can stay on the passing line even with their opponent out of their visual field or goal side of them.
If the 1st line gain possession then a 2v1 counter attack will be generated. Even with these guidlines there can be misunderstandings or different interpretations.
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For this reason when making exchanges communication, visual and verbal, is important as well as trust in the defensive organisation. Even the best defence will be overcome sometimes. It could be an error or just good play from the attack.
Defense is More Than Just Another Team System
If a player is beaten, there is a mistake in exchanging or the ball gets played to the weak side quickly then the defence needs to reorganise. This can involve a rotation of just two players switching roles or up to all four outfield players rotating positions. An example of a 3 player rotation could involve all the players that form the defensive triangle. Now the defence is reorganised with everyone back in position. That same situation could also cause a rotation of all four outfield players.
We could imagine that he is on the same side, marking the pivot. What determines how the defence rotates is dependent on the distances. We always want the players to reorganise as quickly as possible so whichever involves the least distance to run is the optimal solution.
Reading the game, communication and co-ordination by all the players is key. As well as preventing goals being conceded, it is an attacking weapon as you can see in many of the videos. The risk to this defence is an attack that has width and depth, combined with quick ball and player movement. Through this they can stretch the defence, attack the spaces that have been left and increase the difficulty of reading and reacting to situations.
Another threat is the 1st line of the defence being broken through attackers showing between the lines and creating a possible 3v2 attack. Which system is best for a team is dependent on many factors but the individual defence with exchanges is based on co-operation and, if executed well, will always give better results than a system that is deficient in this characteristic. To execute well it needs the co-ordination and understanding that can only be obtained through training. I recommend this system is introduced to players the same way I structured my explanation.
This way the complexity increases incrementally. A key point to make is, as mentioned at the start, these are principles, concepts and guidelines. They are NOT rules that must be followed in every situation. This applies to all tactical information in futsal.
The possible game situations are effectively infinite and in the history of futsal there has never been an exact situation repeated. T he players on the court are in the best position to understand what is occurring and must be allowed autonomy to use their initiative and take decisions.
Corrections can be made afterwards. For example, if the ball carrier and passing lines are placed under more pressure then the attackers will have to think and circulate the ball quicker. I advise against using this defence with players under 16 years old as an individual defence will teach them the basic fundamentals of defending they need to acquire first and that underlie any defensive system. Training time with youth players can be allocated to areas more important for their individual development. As with any system, defensive or attacking, it needs players who have compatible characteristics.
For this defence, the most important are awareness, reading of the game and decision making. Further, players who have the physical characteristics to be able to press intensively. In the National Basketball Association , zone defenses were prohibited until the — season, and most teams do not use them as a primary defensive strategy. The NBA has a defensive three-second violation rule, which makes it more difficult for teams to play zone, since such defenses usually position a player in the middle of the key to stop penetration.
Frank Lindley, Newton, KS High School basketball coach from to , was among the first to use the zone defense and other innovations in the game and authored numerous books about basketball. He finished his career with a record of — and guided the Railroaders to ten state titles and seven second-place finishes. His zone, which typically features athletic, disruptive, and aggressive defenders, has become a prototype for use on other teams including the United States men's national basketball team , where he has spent time as an assistant coach.
While strategies for countering zone defenses vary and often depend on the strengths and weaknesses of both the offensive and defensive teams, there are some general principles that are typically used by offensive teams when facing a zone. A zone defense in American football is a type of "pass coverage". See American football defensive strategy and zone blocking. The zone defence tactic, borrowed from basketball, was introduced into Australian football in the late s by Robert Walls and revolutionized the game.
The tactic is used from the fullback kick in after a behind is scored. The side in opposition to the player kicking in places their forward players, including their full-forward and centre half forward, in evenly spaced zones in the back metre arc. This makes it easier for them to block leading players and forces the kick-in to be more precise, in effect increasing the margin for error which can cause a turnover and another shot at goal.
As a result, the best ways to break the zone are for the full-back to bomb it long over 50 meters , often requiring a low percentage torpedo punt, or to play a short chipping game out of defence and then to switch play as opposition players break the zone.
Definitions of Defense
The latter has negated the effectiveness of the tactic since the s. Another kick-in technique is the huddle , often used before the zone, which involves all of the players from the non-kicking team huddling together and then breaking in different directions. The kicker typically aims in whichever direction the designated target typically the ruckman runs in.
In ice hockey , players defend zones in the neutral zone trap and left wing lock. Netball is a sport similar to basketball with similar strategies and tactics employed, although with seven players per team. Zone defense is one of the main defensive strategies employed by teams, along with one-on-one defense. College Football Hall of Fame.
Football Foundation. Retrieved 20 January D, 6 February , retrieved 20 January Retrieved 11 May American football strategy. Clock management. Man-to-man Zone Tampa 2. Bump and run Double Zone. Icing the kicker Stunt Spy. Resting the starters.
Gridiron football concepts.